Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of the study participants by depression, anxiety, and insomnia symptoms (n = 447)

From: Psychiatric morbidity and dietary habits during COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study among Egyptian Youth (14–24 years)

  Depression, n (%) Anxiety, n (%) Insomnia, n (%)
No 87 (19.5) Yes 360 (80.5) No 116 (26.0) Yes 331 (74.0) No 117 (26.2) Yes 330 (73.8)
Gender
 Male 50 (37.6) 83 (62.4) 59 (44.4) 74 (55.6) 45 (33.8) 88 (66.2)
 Female 37 (11.8) 277 (88.2) 57 (18.2) 257 (81.8) 72 (22.9) 242 (77.1)
 P value < 0.001 * < 0.001 * < 0.016 *
Age, years
 14–19 8 (8.4) 87 (91.6) 16 (16.8) 79 (83.2) 20 (21.1) 75 (78.9)
 20–24 79 (22.4) 273 (77.6) 100 (28.4) 252 (71.6) 97 (27.6) 255 (72.4)
 P value 0.002 * 0.022 * 0.201
Residence
 Urban 65 (19.4) 270 (80.6) 85 (25.4) 250 (74.6) 86 (25.7) 249 (74.3)
 Rural 22 (19.6) 90 (80.4) 31 (27.7) 81 (72.3) 31 (27.7) 81 (72.3)
 P value 0.956 0.630 0.676
Medical history of physical illness
 No 86 (20.1) 341 (79.9) 115 (26.9) 312 (73.1) 116 (27.2) 311 (72.8)
 Yes 1 (5.0) 19 (95.0) 1 (5.0) 19 (95.0) 1 (5.0) 19 (95.0)
 P value 0.145 0.029 * < 0.028 *
Did your family get infected with COVID-19?
 No 84 (20.7) 321 (79.3) 111 (27.4) 294 (72.6) 112 (27.7) 293 (72.3)
 Yes 3 (7.1) 39 (92.9) 5 (11.9) 37 (88.1) 5 (11.9) 37 (88.1)
 P value 0.034 * 0.029 * < 0.027 *
Financial loss due to COVID-19
 No 31 (18.1) 140 (81.9) 50 (29.2) 121 (70.8) 49 (28.7) 122 (71.3)
 Yes 56 (20.3) 220 (79.7) 66 (23.9) 210 (76.1) 68 (24.6) 208 (75.4)
 P value 0.575 0.212 < 0.348
Insomnia
 No 67 (57.3) 50 (42.7) 74 (63.2) 43 (36.8)
 Yes 20 (6.1) 310 (93.9) 42 (12.7) 288 (87.3)
 P value < 0.001 * < 0.001 *
Anxiety
 No 79 (68.1) 37 (31.9) 74 (63.8) 42 (36.2)
 Yes 8 (2.4) 323 (97.6) 43 (13.0) 288 (87.0)
 P value < 0.001 * < 0.001 *
Depression
 No 79 (90.8) 8 (9.2) 67 (77.0) 20 (23.0)
 Yes 37 (10.3) 323 (89.7) 50 (13.9) 310 (86.1)
 P value < 0.001 * < 0.001 *
  1. COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019
  2. *P < 0.05