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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants (n = 447)

From: Psychiatric morbidity and dietary habits during COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study among Egyptian Youth (14–24 years)

Characteristics n (%)
Gender
 Male 133 (29.8)
 Female 314 (70.2)
Age, years (mean ± SD = 20.72 ± 1.92)
 14–19 95 (21.3)
 20–24 352 (78.7)
Residence
 Urban 335 (74.9)
 Rural 112 (25.1)
Medical history of chronic physical illness
 No 427 (95.5)
 Yes 20 (4.5)
Did any member of your family get infected with COVID-19?
 No 405 (90.6)
 Yes 42 (9.4)
Financial loss due to COVID-19
 No 171 (38.3)
 Yes 276 (61.7)
Depression (mean ± SD = 11.21 ± 6.58)
 None—minimal 87 (19.5)
 Mild 106 (23.7)
 Moderate 115 (25.7)
 Moderately severe 76 (17.0)
 Severe 63 (14.1)
Anxiety (mean ± SD = 9.31 ± 6.30)
 None—minimal 116 (26.0)
 Mild 127 (28.4)
 Moderate 104 (23.3)
 Severe 100 (22.4)
Insomnia (mean ± SD = 12.367 ± 6.41)
 No clinically significant insomnia 117 (26.2)
 Mild to moderate insomnia 161 (36.0)
 Moderate insomnia 133 (29.8)
 Severe insomnia associated with significant impairments of daytime functioning 36 (8.1)
Coping methods **
Positive methods
  Raise self-awareness regarding COVID-19 403 (90.2)
  Praying 374 (83.7)
  Communication with other and seeking support 329 (73.6)
  Engagement in a hobby 225 (50.3)
  Exercise 179 (40.0)
Negative methods
 Tendency to stay alone 322 (72.0)
 Being aggressive and antisocial 52 (11.6)
 Denial 69 (15.4)
 Smoking 36 (8.1)
 Consumption of hypnotics 22 (4.9)
 Substance abuse 6 (1.3)
  1. COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019
  2. ** Multiple responses