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Table 1 The situation of depression, anxiety, and insomnia in the demographic subgroups (n = 450)

From: Association between depression, anxiety, and insomnia with musculoskeletal pain source: a multi-center study

Variables N (%) Depression Anxiety Insomnia
No Mild Borderline Mild-moderate Moderate-severe Severe p value No Mild Moderate Severe p value No clinically Sub threshold Moderate severity Severe p value*
Overall 450 (100) 41 (9.1) 53 (11.8) 25 (5.6) 94 (20.9) 80 (17.8) 157 (34.9) 89 (19.8) 102 (22.7) 119 (26.4) 140 (31.1) 156 (34.7) 148 (32.9) 99 (22.0) 46 (10.2)
Gender
 Male 213 (47.3) 23 (10.8) 23 (10.8) 15 (7.0) 44 (20.7) 43 (20.2) 65 (30.5) 0.240 49 (23.0) 43 (20.2) 67 (31.4) 54 (25.4) 0.010 81 (38.1) 65 (30.5) 51 (23.9) 16 (7.5) 0.153
 Female 237 (52.7) 18 (7.6) 30 (12.7) 10 (4.2) 50 (21.1) 37 (15.6) 92 (38.8) 40 (16.9) 59 (24.9) 52 (21.9) 86 (36.3) 76 (32.1) 83 (35.0) 48 (20.3) 30 (12.7)
Having car
 No 237 (52.7) 23 (9.7) 29 (12.2) 12 (5.1) 47 (19.8) 41 (17.3) 85 (35.9) .965 47 (22.1) 45 (21.1) 57 (26.8) 64 (30.0) 0.647 85 (35.9) 91 (38.4) 40 (16.9) 21 (8.9) 0.009
 Yes 213 (47.3) 18 (8.5) 24 (11.3) 13 (6.1) 47 (22.1) 39 (18.3) 72 (33.8) 42 (17.6) 57 (24.1) 62 (26.2) 76 (32.1) 72 (33.8) 57 (26.8) 59 (27.7) 25 (11.7)
Home
 Rental 231 (51.5) 19 (8.2) 29 (12.6) 15 (6.5) 36 (15.6) 41 (17.7) 91 (39.4) 0.061 38 (16.5) 53 (22.9) 61 (26.4) 79 (34.2) 0.248 78 (33.8) 84 (36.3) 43 (18.6) 26 (11.3) 0.220
 Private 219 (48.7) 22 (10.0) 24 (11.0) 10 (4.6) 58 (26.5) 39 (17.8) 66 (30.1) 51 (23.2) 49 (22.4) 58 (26.5) 61 (27.9) 78 (35.6) 65 (29.7) 56 (25.6) 20 (9.1)
Having personal Internet
 No 244 (54.2) 23 (9.4) 31 (12.7) 10 (4.1) 54 (22.1) 40 (16.4) 86 (35.2) 0.628 46 (22.3) 50 (24.3) 59 (28.6) 51 (24.8) 0.063 83 (34.0) 86 (35.2) 45 (18.4) 30 (12.3) 0.099
 Yes 206 (45.8) 18 (8.7) 22 (10.7) 15 (7.3) 40 (19.4) 40 (19.4) 71 (34.5) 43 (17.6) 52 (21.3) 60 (24.6) 89 (36.5) 74 (35.9) 62 (30.1) 54 (26.2) 16 (7.8)
Income (million toman)
 < 1 211 (47.9) 21 (10.0) 24 (11.4) 14 (6.6) 37 (17.5) 36 (17.1) 79 (37.4) 0.777 40 (19.0) 33 (15.6) 69 (32.7) 69 (32.7) <0.001 78 (37.0) 59 (28.0) 45 (21.3) 29 (13.7) 0.118
 1-3 196 (43.6) 17 (8.7) 25 (12.8) 8 (4.1) 44 (22.4) 37 (18.9) 35 (33.2) 33 (16.8) 57 (29.1) 43 (21.9) 63 (32.1) 62 (31.6) 76 (38.8) 43 (21.9) 15 (7.7)
 > 3 43 (9.6) 3 (7.0) 4 (9.3) 3 (7.0) 13 (30.2) 7 (16.3) 13 (30.2) 16 (37.2) 12 (27.9) 7 (16.3) 8 (18.6) 17 (39.5) 13 (30.2) 11 (25.6) 2 (4.7)
Job
 Unemployed/ Housewife 185 (41.1) 15 (8.1) 24 (13.0) 6 (3.2) 43 (23.2) 29 (15.7) 68 (36.8) < 0.001 35 (18.9) 39 (21.1) 46 (24.9) 65 (35.1) 0.360 57 (30.8) 70 (37.8) 37 (20.0) 21 (11.4) 0.109
 Freelance job 43 (9.6) 2 (3.6) 44 (68.8) 4 (9.3) 7 (16.3) 5 (11.6) 25 (58.1) 5 (11.6) 8 (18.6) 17 (39.5) 13 (30.3) 13 (30.2) 11 (25.6) 13 (30.2) 6 (14.0)
 Employee 58 (12.9) 9 (15.5) 7 (12.1) 4 (6.9) 6 (10.3) 10 (17.2) 22 (37.9) 10 (17.2) 14 (24.1) 15 (25.9) 19 (32.8) 18 (31.0) 17 (29.3) 14 (24.1) 9 (15.5)
 Manual worker 42 (9.3) 2 (4.8) 4 (9.5) 3 (7.1) 11 (26.2) 10 (23.8) 12 (28.6) 10 (23.8) 9 (21.4) 9 (21.4) 14 (33.3) 10 (23.8) 16 (38.1) 13 (31.0) 3 (7.1)
 Farmer 47 (10.4) 7 (14.9) 7 (14.9) 5 (10.6) 8 (17.0) 11 (23.4) 9 (19.1) 9 (19.1) 9 (19.1) 17 (36.2) 12 (25.6) 24 (51.0) 13 (27.7) 7 (14.9) 3 (6.4)
 Others 75 (16.4) 7 (9.3) 10 (13.3) 3 (4.0) 19 (25.3) 15 (20.0) 21 (28.0) 20 (26.7) 23 (30.7) 15 (20.0) 17 (22.6) 35 (46.7) 21 (28.0) 15 (20.0) 4 (5.3)
  1. * Value <0.001 indicates a p-value equal to 0.000, which is highly significant