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Table 7 Perceptions of efficacy and self-efficacy in dealing with COVID-19 (N = 723)

From: Risk perception regarding the COVID-19 outbreak among the general population: a comparative Middle East survey

Perception of efficacy and self-efficacy Certainly not Probably not Perhaps yes-perhaps no Probably yes Most certainly
n % n % n % n % n %
1. Do you think that frequent hand hygiene helps to prevent COVID-19? 21 2.9% 9 1.2% 75 10.4% 135 18.7% 483 66.8%
2. Do you think that wearing masks helps to prevent COVID-19? 33 4.6% 42 5.8% 174 24.1% 243 33.6% 231 32.0%
3. Do you think that maintaining social distancing helps to prevent COVID-19? 3 0.4% 6 0.8% 48 6.6% 138 19.1% 528 73.0%
4. Do you think that quarantine helps to prevent COVID-19? 0 0.0% 9 1.2% 45 6.2% 102 14.1% 567 78.4%
5. Do you think that you will manage to implement hand hygiene, if this is advised? 3 0.4% 9 1.2% 48 6.6% 114 15.8% 549 75.9%
6. Do you think that you will manage to implement mask-wearing, if this is advised? 0 0.0% 27 3.7% 84 11.6% 171 23.7% 441 61.0%
7. Do you think that you will manage to implement social distancing, if this is advised? 3 0.4% 15 2.1% 57 7.9% 159 22.0% 489 67.6%
8. Do you think that you will manage to implement quarantine, if this is advised? 0 0.0% 6 0.8% 60 8.3% 135 18.7% 522 72.2%
  1. n frequency, % percentage