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Table 6 Differences in mean “perception of susceptibility to COVID-19 and the extent of anxiety” scores, according to country (N = 723)

From: Risk perception regarding the COVID-19 outbreak among the general population: a comparative Middle East survey

Perception of susceptibility to Coronavirus Saudi Arabia Egypt Jordan Total Kruskal-Wallis test P value
n = 468 n = 162 n = 93 N = 723
Do you think that you will contract COVID-19 in the coming year if you do not take any preventive measures?
 M ± SD 3.51 ± 1.125 3.29 ± 0.713 3.35 ± 0.939 3.44 ± 1.0260 Chi-square = 6.041 .049*
 Mean rank 374.81 333.11 347.87  
Suppose you have not been vaccinated against Coronavirus COVID-19 or the vaccine is not available. What do you think your chance of contracting the disease in the coming year is?
 M ± SD 3.23 ± 1.075 3.21 ± 0.849 3.17 ± 1.074 3.18 ± 1.027 Chi-square = 0.030 .985
 Mean rank 362.87 361.05 359.29  
How concerned are you about contracting COVID-19?
 M ± SD 3.55 ± 0.977 3.67 ± 0.946 3.32 ± 1.095 3.55 ± 0.989 Chi-square = 5.518 .063
 Mean rank 361.8 384.47 323.87  
Mean perception of susceptibility to COVID-19 and the extent of anxiety
 M ± SD 3.41 ± 0.765 3.38 ± 0.603 3.30 ± 0.878 3.39 ± 0.748 Chi-square = 1.827 .401
 Mean rank 368.30 358.00 337.27  
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation
  2. *Significant at the .05 level (two-tailed)