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Table 4 Difference in mean “perception of the seriousness of COVID-19” scores, based on the country of origin

From: Risk perception regarding the COVID-19 outbreak among the general population: a comparative Middle East survey

Perception of the seriousness of COVID-19 Saudi Arabia Egypt Jordan Total Kruskal-Wallis test P value
n = 468 n = 162 n = 93 N = 723
How serious do you think COVID-19 is?
 M ± SD 4.42 ± 0.631 4.11 ± 0.788 4 ± 0.956 4.29 ± 0.735 Chi-square = 28.941742 < .001**
 Mean rank 389.96 315.11 302.97  
How would you feel if you contracted COVID-19 in the near future?
 M ± SD 4.03 ± 0.917 3.96 ± 0.905 3.71 ± 1.028 3.98 ± 0.934 Chi-square = 8.221587 .016*
 Mean rank 374.03 356.86 310.42  
Mean perception of seriousness scores
 M ± SD 4.224 ± 0.68 4.037 ± 0.74 3.854 ± 0.88 4.134 ± 0.73 Chi-square = 18.326 < .001**
 Mean rank 384.7019 333.44 297.5  
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation
  2. *Significant at the .05 level (two-tailed)
  3. **Significant at the .01 level (two-tailed)