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Table 2 Association between demographic and clinical characteristics of physicians and the four domains of WHOQOL-BREF

From: Addressing the relationship between perceived fear of COVID-19 virus infection and emergence of burnout symptoms in a sample of Egyptian physicians during COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

WHOQOL-BREF Physical health Psychological health Social relationship Environmental
Pearson correlation (r)
Age 0.06 0.11 − 0.01 0.05
Number of daily working hours − 0.05 − 0.09 − 0.01 − 0.17**
Number of weekly working days 0.04 0.05 0.02 − 0.01
HADS     
 Total anxiety scores − 0.65*** − 0.63*** − 0.49*** − 0.60***
 Total depression scores − 0.62*** − 0.64*** − 0.49*** − 0.50***
M (SD), MWU test
Gender
 Male 55.8 (16.9) − 4.4*** 54.0 (19.0) − 2.2* 56.4 (19.1) − 1.0 48.6 (15.6) − 0.8
 Female 46.9 (16.1) 48.4 (18.9) 54.2 (18.9) 46.68 (16.2)
Marital status
 Non-married 49.7 (16.5) − 0.2 50.1 (20.1) − 0.1 52.3 (18.3) − 1.6 46.7 (16.9) − 0.5
 Married 50.3 (17.1) 50.6 (18.8) 55.9 (19.1) 47.7 (15.7)
Title
 Fresh graduate/resident 48.0 (16.1) − 1.8 45.6 (17.2) − 3.1** 54.2 (18.9) − 0.3 44.4 (15.3) − 2.6*
 Specialist/consultant 51.2 (17.2) 52.8 (19.6) 55.3 (19.0) 48.9 (16.2)
Received training-related to pandemic
 No 48.3 (16.9) − 2.8** 47.9 (18.4) − 3.6*** 52.6 (18.7) − 3.6*** 45.5 (15.8) − 3.3**
 Yes 54.6 (16.2) 56.8 (19.4) 60.8 (18.5) 52.2 (15.5)
Satisfied with the hospital infection control precautions
 No 47.9 (16.2) − 4.7*** 48.2 (18.8) − 4.7*** 53.0 (18.7) − 3.8*** 44.8 (15.1) − 6.2***
 Yes 60.9 (16.3) 61.5 (17.0) 64.5 (17.6) 60.0 (14.5)
Physician’s role
 2nd line physician 50.4 (16.6) − 0.5 50.3 (19.1) − 0.3 55.6 (18.8) − 1.6 48.1 (15.9) − 1.9
 Frontline physician 48.4 (18.7) 51.4 (19.2) 51.54 (19.6) 43.5 (16.3)
History of medical colleague affection with COVID-19 virus infection
 No 52.1 (16.0) − 2.3* 51.52 (18.6) − 1.3 56.6 (18.4) − 2.0* 50.5 (15.2) − 3.9***
 Yes 47.5 (17.83) 49.0 (19.8) 52.7 (19.6) 43.2 (16.2)
History of mental illness
 No 52.8 (15.9) − 4.5*** 52.8 (18.2) − 3.9*** 57.5 (17.9) − 3.9*** 49.50 (15.4) − 4.2***
 Yes 42.6 (17.5) 43.9 (20.1) 47.9 (20.2) 41.6 (16.4)
History of chronic medical illness
 No 51.7 (16.0) − 2.8** 50.9 (18.9) − 0.8 56.4 (18.5) − 2.5* 48.2 (15.9) − 1.3
 Yes 44.6 (19.0) 48.7 (19.8) 50.1 (19.8) 44.7 (16.3)
Smoking
 No 49.6 (17.0) − 1.8 50.5 (19.3) − 0.4 55.1 (18.8) − 0.1 47.5 (16.2) − 0.4
 Yes 54.9 (15.4) 49.6 (18.0) 54.2 (20.5) 46.4 (14.3)
Ideas about death during pandemic
 No 51.2 (16.7) − 3.4** 51.2 (19.0) − 2.3* 55.6 (18.2) − 1.5 48.3 (16.1) − 3.5**
 Yes 41.0 (16.1) 44.12 (19.4) 49.6 (24.0) 39.4 (12.6)
  1. HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001