Skip to main content

Table 5 Comparison of anxiety and depressive symptoms and quality of sleep by mean ranks (N = 264)

From: Depressive and anxiety symptoms, quality of sleep, and coping during the 2019 coronavirus disease pandemic in general population in Kashmir

Variable N (%) Anxiety score, mean rank Depression score, mean rank Global PSQI score, mean rank
Age
 18–30 years 145 (54.9%) 142.05 141.68 138.84
 31–45 years 110 (41.7%) 118.29 118.57 121.23
 46–60 years 7 (2.7%) 136.29 131.64 168.93
 > 60 years 2 (0.8%) 208.75 236.25 165.25
  χ2 = 8.13; p = 0.04* χ2 = 9.49; p = 0.02* χ2 = 5.40; p = 0.14
Gender
 Male 191 (72.3%) 122.38 125.65 125.74
 Female 73 (27.7%) 158.97 150.42 150.20
  Z = − 3.49;p = 0.001* Z = − 2.36; p = .02* Z = − 2.37; p = .02*
Domicile
 Rural 155 (58.7%) 121.92 127.58 127.21
 Urban 109 (41.3%) 147.55 139.49 140.02
  Z = − 2.69; p = 0.01* Z = − 1.25; p = 0.21 Z = − 1.35; p = 0.19
Occupation
 Employed 147 (55.7%) 128.96 127.97 128.84
 Student 85 (32.2%) 138.45 137.91 139.34
 Skilled worker 5 (1.9%) 126.40 120.90 132.40
 Laborer 1 (0.4%) 13.50 5.00 41.50
 Businessman 24 (9.1%) 147.29 154.96 142.88
 Others 2 (0.8%) 37.25 59.25 32.25
  χ2 = 7.34; p = 0.20 χ2 = 7.80; p = 0.17 χ2 = 6.38; p = 0.27
Coping
 Adaptive 180 (68.2%) 117.51 120.83 118.18
 Maladaptive 84 (31.8%) 164.61 157.51 163.18
  Z = − 4.68; p = 0.001* Z = − 3.64; p = 0.001* Z = − 4.48; p = 0.001*
  1. PSQI Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index
  2. *Statistically significant