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Table 3 Socio-demographic variables in relation to Depressive Symptoms (N = 264)

From: Depressive and anxiety symptoms, quality of sleep, and coping during the 2019 coronavirus disease pandemic in general population in Kashmir

Variable

Depressive symptoms

Total, n (%)

Fisher’s exact test/chi-square; p

Absent, n (%)

Present, n (%)

Age

18–30 years

56 (38.6%)

89 (61.4%)

145 (100.0%)

Fisher = 8.10; p = 0.03*

31–45 years

60 (54.5%)

50 (45.5%)

110 (100.0%)

46–60 years

4 (57.1%)

3 (42.9%)

7 (100.0%)

> 60 years

0 (.0%)

2 (100.0%)

2 (100.0%)

Total

120 (45.5%)

144 (54.5%)

264 (100.0%)

Gender

Male

96 (50.3%)

95 (49.7%)

191 (100.0%)

χ2 = 6.44; p = 0.01*

Female

24 (32.9%)

49 (67.1%)

73 (100.0%)

Total

120 (45.5%)

144 (54.5%)

264 (100.0%)

Domicile

 Rural

76 (49.0%)

79 (51.0%)

155 (100.0%)

χ2 = 1.94; p = 0.17

 Urban

44 (40.4%)

65 (59.6%)

109 (100.0%)

 Total

120 (45.5%)

144 (54.5%)

264 (100.0%)

Occupation

 Employed

69 (46.9%)

78 (53.1%)

147 (100.0%)

Fisher = 4.70; p = 0.44

 Student

36 (42.4%)

49 (57.6%)

85 (100.0%)

 Skilled worker

3 (60.0%)

2 (40.0%)

5 (100.0%)

 Laborer

1 (100.0%)

0 (.0%)

1 (100.0%)

 Businessman

9 (37.5%)

15 (62.5%)

24 (100.0%)

 Others

2 (100.0%)

0 (.0%)

2 (100.0%)

 Total

120 (45.5%)

144 (54.5%)

264 (100.0%)

Coping

 Adaptive

92 (51.1%)

88 (48.9%)

180 (100.0%)

χ2 = 7.30; p = 0.008*

 Maladaptive

28 (33.3%)

56 (66.7%)

84 (100.0%)

  1. *Statistically significant