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Table 3 Means and standard deviations of measures between the participants of governorates of 3 geographical parts of Iraq (N = 1591)

From: COVID-19-related anxiety disorder in Iraq during the pandemic: an online cross-sectional study

Scales and subscales Northern governorates, M (SD) Middle governorates, M (SD) Southern governorates, M (SD) F df P value
Total HAQ 0.89 (0.44) 0.9 (0.47) 1.07 (0.49) 25.459 2 < 0.001**
Health worry and preoccupation 0.92 (0.51) 0.94 (0.54) 1.09 (0.56) 17.820 2 < 0.001**
Fear of illness and death 0.94 (0.57) 0.94 (0.58) 1.14 (0.62) 20.341 2 < 0.001**
Reassurance-seeking behavior 1.08 (0.65) 1.1 (0.64) 1.22 (0.67) 7.379 2 0.001*
Interference with life 0.52 (0.62) 0.51 (0.57) 0.71 (0.75) 15.360 2 < 0.001**
Specific COVID-19 anxiety 1.69 (0.47) 1.57 (0.51) 1.68 (0.45) 6.636 2 0.001*
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation, F one-way ANOVA, df degree of freedom
  2. *P value < 0.05 is significant; **P value < 0.001 is highly significant