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Table 2 Frequencies and percentages of possible health anxiety among Iraqi participants (N = 1591)

From: COVID-19-related anxiety disorder in Iraq during the pandemic: an online cross-sectional study

Demographic variable No. of cases % of cases χ2 df P value
Age    33.764 5 < 0.001**
 18–24 years 344 43.7    
 25–34 years 198 25.1    
 35–44 years 146 18.5    
 45–54 years 62 7.9    
 55–64 years 26 3.3    
 65+ years 12 1.5    
Gender    22.375 1 < 0.001**
 Male 333 42.3    
 Female 455 57.7    
Marital status    6.171 3 0.104
 Single 354 68.3    
 Married 144 27.8    
 Divorced or separated 10 1.9    
 Widowed 10 1.9    
Educational attainment    39.130 6 < 0.001**
 None 7 0.9    
 Primary school 11 1.4    
 Lower secondary school 18 2.3    
 Higher secondary school 113 14.3    
 University degree or some 445 56.5    
 Master’s degree 78 9.9    
 Doctorate or equivalent 111 14.1    
Occupation    29.834 5 < 0.001**
 Employed 104 13.3    
 Unemployed 38 4.9    
 Health care professional 164 20.9    
 Student 337 43    
 Teacher 100 12.8    
 Others 40 5.1    
Residence    294 2 0.863
 Urban 688 87.3    
 Suburban 79 10    
 Rural 21 2.7    
Household size    5.306 3 0.257
 1 person 6 0.8    
 2 persons 39 4.9    
 3–5 persons 396 50.3    
 6+ persons 347 44    
History of chronic respiratory disease    8.498 1 0.004*
 No 711 90.2    
 Yes 77 9.8    
Total health anxiety diagnosis      
 No 803 50.5    
 Yes 788 49.5    
  1. χ2 chi-square test, df degree of freedom
  2. *P < 0.05 is significant; **P < 0.001 is highly significant