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Table 2 Prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD-7) among groups during the outbreak of COVID-19 in Kuwait

From: Anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 pandemic in Kuwait: the importance of physical activity

Sociodemographic characteristics Levels of anxiety Anxious x2 P value
Normal Mild Moderate Severe
595 395 150 144 689
46.34% 30.76% 11.68% 11.21% 53.66%
Physical activity Physically inactive 287 211 92 103 406 29.068 < 0.001
41.40% 30.40% 13.30% 14.90% 58.6%
Physically active 308 184 58 41 283
41.40% 30.40% 13.30% 14.90% 47.9%
Gender Female 224 172 84 97 353 49.772 < 0.001
38.80% 29.80% 14.60% 16.80% 61.2%
Male 371 223 66 47 336
52.50% 31.50% 9.30% 6.60% 47.5%
Education High school and less 49 32 13 16 61 22.968 0.006
44.50% 29.10% 11.80% 14.50% 55.5%
Diploma 64 46 34 21 101
38.80% 27.90% 20.60% 12.70% 61.2%
Bachelor’s degree 351 244 76 88 408
46.20% 32.10% 10.00% 11.60% 53.8%
Higher education 131 73 27 19 119
52.40% 29.20% 10.80% 7.60% 47.6%
Marital status Single 261 204 72 71 347 6.068 0.108
42.90% 33.60% 11.80% 11.70% 57.1%
Married 334 191 78 73 342
49.40% 28.30% 11.50% 10.80% 50.6%
Occupation Employer 126 88 36 36 160 15.884 0.069
44.10% 30.80% 12.60% 12.60% 55.9%
Student 405 272 99 98 469
46.30% 31.10% 11.30% 11.20% 53.7%
Retired 44 13 5 5 23
65.70% 19.40% 7.50% 7.50% 34.3%
Unemployed 20 22 10 5 37
35.10% 38.60% 17.50% 8.80% 64.9%
  1. The designation of “anxious” represents respondents who scored 5 to 21 in GAD-7 scale (i.e., mild, moderate, and severe anxiety); % within independent variable groups