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Table 3 Comparison of public attitude score towards mental healthcare facilities by education level within gender

From: Rural community attitude towards mental healthcare: a mixed-method study in Khurda district of Odisha, India

Gender Education N Mean SD ANOVA “p” value
Male Illiterate 40 2.2 0.3 0.001
Primary (1–7) 58 2.2 0.3
Secondary (up to 10th) 70 2.0 0.5
Graduate and above 30 2.0 0.4
Total 198 2.1 0.4
Illiterate vs secondary (up to 10th)*p = 0.005, primary (1–7) vs secondary (up to 10th)*p = 0.006
Female Illiterate 57 2.4 0.4 0.000
Primary (1–7) 41 2.4 0.4
Secondary (up to 10th) 68 2.2 0.4
Graduate and above 31 1.8 0.4
Total 197 2.2 0.4
Illiterate vs secondary (up to 10th) *p = 0.043, illiterate vs graduate and above *p = 0.000, primary (1–7) vs graduate and above *p = 0.000, secondary (up to 10th) vs graduate and above*p = 0.000
Overall Illiterate 97 2.3 0.4 0.000
Primary (1–7) 99 2.3 0.3
Secondary (up to 10th) 138 2.1 0.4
Graduate and above 61 1.9 0.4
Total 395 2.2 0.4
Illiterate vs secondary (up to 10th) *p = 0.000, illiterate vs graduate and above *p = 0.000, primary (1–7) vs secondary (up to 10th) *p = 0.001, primary (1–7) vs graduate and above *p = 0.000
  1. *Bonferroni “p” value