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Table 3 Prevalence of depression and anxiety

From: A systematic review of the prevalence of mental and neurocognitive disorders amongst older adults’ populace in Egypt

Study no. Mental/neurocognitive condition studied Data collection settings Prevalence rate Diagnostic tool
(*, Arabic version; ^, shorter version; !, longer version; [ ], cut-off point; ", translated to Arabic)
2 Depression,
Anxiety
Mixed disorder
Residential homes Depression = 37.5%
Anxiety = 14.2%
Mixed disorder = 30%
GDS^*[≥ 5]
(5–7 = mild; 8–12 = moderate; ≥ 13 = severe
Hamilton anxiety*[≥ 18]
3 Depression Household community survey Depression = 74.5%
(Mild = 57.7% and severe = 16.8%)
GDS! [≥ 10]
(0–9 = normal; 10–19 = mild; 20–30 = severe)
5 Depression A mix See article GDS^" [≥ 5]
(0–4 = no depression; 5–9 = suggestive of depression; > 9 = indicative of depression)
6 Depression
Cognitive impairment
Inpatient Depression = 72%
Cognitive impairment = 30%
GDS [≥ 6]
MMSE [≤ 23]
10 Depression Household community survey Depression = 62.7% (mild, 43.8%; moderate, 18.9% no severe dep) GDS-15^* [≥ 5]
(< 5 = normal; 5–8 = mild; 9–11 = moderate; 12–15 = severe)
12 Depression Community clubs Depression = 23.3% GDS^ [≥ 5]
15 Anxiety
Depression
Cognitive impairment
Inpatient Anxiety = 72%
Anxiety traits = 35%
Depression = 64%
Cognitive impairment = 26%
STAI*
GDS!” [≥ 11]
(11–20 = mild; 21–30 = severe)
MMSE*[CI = ≤ 24]
16 Anxiety and depression Outpatient See article MMSE [23, educated participants; 20, illiterate] and DSM-IV (SCID-I)