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Table 3 EEG, self-esteem assessment of the three studied groups

From: Comorbidity between enuresis and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a case-control study

EEG findings Enuresis only group (n = 60) Enuresis e ADHD group (n = 40) ADHD group (n = 40) Sig. test P value
No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
Normal 37 (61.7) 12 (30.0) 16 (40.0) X2 1 = 9.6 X2 2=4.5
X2 3 = 0.88
P1 = 0.002*
P2 = 0.03* P3 = 0.35
Abnormal 23 (38.3) 28 (70.0) 24 (60.0)
Type of abnormality Generalized sharp and slow waves 2 (8.7) 11 (39.3) 6 (25.0) P1 = 0.04*
P2 = 0.01*
P3 = 0.02*
Focal sharp and slow waves in temporal region 9 (39.1) 7 (25.0) 15 (62.5)
Focal sharp and slow waves in fronto-temporal region 12 (52.2) 10 (35.7) 3 (12.5)
Self-esteem     Fisher’s exact test P1 = 0.49
P2 = 0.08
P3 = 0.008*
 Low (0-15) 36 (60.0) 28 (70.0) 15 (37.5)
 Average (15-25) 20 (33.3) 11 (27.5) 20 (50.0)
 High (25-30) 4 (6.7) 1 (2.5) 5 (12.5)
  1. P1 statistical significant difference between enuresis only and enuresis with ADHD group, P2 statistical significant difference between enuresis only and control group, P3 statistical significant difference between enuresis with ADHD and control group
  2. X2 = chi-square test
  3. * significant at p value < 0.05