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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the 3 studied groups

From: Comorbidity between enuresis and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a case-control study

  Enuresis only (n = 60) Enuresis with ADHD (n = 40) ADHD control (n = 40) Sig. test P value
Age 8.5 ± 1.8 9.6 ± 1.8 8.5 ± 1.9 F = 4.84 0.009*
LSD: 2 vs 1.3
Sex
 Male 42 (70.0) 27 (67.5) 28 (70.0) x2 = 0.07
x2 = 0.0
x2 = 0.06
P1 = 0.79
P2 = 1.0
P3 = 0.81
 Female 18 (30.0) 13 (32.5) 12 (30.0)
Residence
 Rural 41 (68.3) 31 (77.5) 29 (72.5) x2 = 1.00
x2 = 0.19
x2 = 0.27
P1 = 0.32
P2 = 0.66
P3 = 0.61
 Urban 19 (31.7) 9 (22.5) 11 (27.5)
SES
 Very low 10 (16.7) 10 (25.0) 10 (25.0) Fisher’s exact test P1 = 0.78
P2 = 0.66
P3 = 0.95
 Low 33 (55.0) 20 (50.0) 22 (55.0)
 Middle 14 (23.3) 8 (20.0) 6 (15.0)
 High 3 (5.0) 2 (5.0) 2 (5.0)
Family history of enuresis 23 (38.3) 14 (35.0) 4 (10.0) x2 = 0.06 P1 = 0.81
P2 = 0.003*
P3 = 0.003*
Family history of epilepsy 3 (5.0) 4 (10.0) 2 (5.0) Fisher’s exact test P1 = 0.26
P2 = 0.74
P3 = 0.17
  1. * significant p < 0.01