Skip to main content

Table 4 Logistic regression analyses for teachers’ background information and school characteristics associated with better attitude and higher awareness about mental health issues in students

From: Beliefs about students’ mental health issues among teachers at elementary and high schools, Hail Governorate, Saudi Arabia

 Better attitudeaHigher awarenessb
cOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)cOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Age in years
 < 301 1 
 30–391.13 (0.88–1.46) 0.74 (0.58–0.95)* 
 ≥ 401.49 (1.13–1.96)** 0.78 (0.59–1.03) 
Gender
 Male1.37 (1.15–1.62)***1.36 (1.08–1.72)**1.90 (1.61–2.25)***1.56 (1.25–1.94)***
 Female1111
Marital status
 Single1 1 
 Married1.58 (1.24–2.01)*** 1.19 (0.94–1.51) 
Teaching experience (years)
 > 5111 
 5–91.26 (0.93–1.73)1.70 (1.14–2.55)**0.82 (0.60–1.12) 
 ≥ 101.37 (1.05–1.79)*1.49 (1.06–2.09)*0.76 (0.59–0.99)* 
Teachers’ academic discipline
 Math and natural science111 
 Humanities and social1.34 (1.09–1.64)**1.27 (1.01–1.60)*1.24 (1.01–1.52)* 
School teaching level
 Primary elementary1 1 
 Middle elementary0.79 (0.64–0.97)* 0.85 (0.70–1.04) 
 Secondary0.89 (0.77–0.72) 0.87 (0.70–1.06) 
School type
 Public1111
 Private1.85 (1.43–2.39)***2.09 (1.43–3.04)***2.72 (2.07–3.57)***2.38 (1.66–3.41)***
Teacher’s self-estimate of average number of students with mental health problems per class
 01 11
 1–21.33 (1.04–1.69)* 1.45 (1.15–1.83)**1.26 (0.98–1.62)
 ≥ 30.92 (0.69–1.21) 1.63 (1.24–2.15)***1.52 (1.13–2.05)**
Teacher’s higher awareness with mental health issues#
 Below median11  
 Above median1.86 (1.55–2.22)***1.55 (1.23–1.95)***  
Teacher’s better attitude towards mental health issues##
 Below median  11
 Above median  1.86 (1.55–2.22)***1.79 (1.43–2.23)***
  1. Abbreviations: cOR crude odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aFinal -2*Log-Likelihood: 1690.02; Likelihood Ratio: 54.70; Model P-Value: < 0.001
  3. bFinal -2*Log-Likelihood: 1874.44; Likelihood Ratio: 93.99; Model P-Value: < 0.001
  4. * < 0.05; ** < 0.01; *** < 0.001
  5. # Better Attitude= above median score (Median=42 points out of maximum score of 55 points)
  6. ## Higher Awareness= above median score (Median=14 points out of maximum score of 35 points)