Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the studied sample

From: Behavior rating and intelligence testing in primary school children exposed to multiple adverse experiences

Age in (years)Mean ± SD9.39 ± 0.93
Min.–max.7.58–11.0
Parameter N (%)
 SexMales53 (46.5%)
Females61 (53.5%)
 Socioeconomic levelAbove average5 (4.4%)
Average9 (7.9%)
Below average50 (43.9%)
Low38 (33.3%)
Very low12 (10.5%)
 Exposure to adverse experiencesNot exposed3 (2.6%)
Less exposed (1–2 adversities)55 (48.2%)
Highly exposed (3 or more adversities)56 (49.1%)
 Verbal IQAverage93 (81.6%)
Below average21 (18.4%)
 Performance IQAverage40 (35.1%)
Below average74 (64.9%)
 Full-scale IQAverage70 (61.4%)
Below average44 (38.6%)
 PSCL total scoreNon-affected60 (52.2%)
Affected54 (47.8%)
 AttentionNon-affected67 (58.8%)
Affected47 (41.2%)
 Internalizing behaviorNon-affected73 (64.0%)
Affected41 (36.0%)
 Externalizing behaviorNon-affected77 (67.5%)
Affected37 (32.5%)
  1. PSCL Pediatric Symptoms Checklist; IQ score is considered average if it ranged 90–110 and below average if it ranged 70–89