Skip to main content

Table 4 Association between psychiatric morbidity in dementia caregivers and their sociodemographic and clinical variables

From: Prevalence and correlates of psychiatric morbidity in Egyptian sample of dementia patients’ caregivers: a comparative descriptive study

Caregiver/patient variablesAnxiety disordersMajor depressive disordersAnxiety with co-morbid depressionNo psychiatric morbidityF/χ2*P value
Age of caregiver (years)49.8 ± 10.248 ± 5.847.7 ± 3.5148.5 ± 5.50.1040.9
Sex of caregiver      
 Female9 (81.8%)7 (100.0%)3 (100.0%)3 (75.0%)2.4020.493
 Male2 (18.2%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)1 (25.0%)
Relation to patient      
 Daughter7 (63.6%)6 (85.7%)3 (100.0%)3 (75.0%)5.2910.808
 Husband1 (9.1%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)
 Son1 (9.1%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)1 (25.0%)
 Wife2 (18.2%)1 (14.3%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)
Education of caregiver      
 College2 (18.2%)2 (28.6%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)9.5600.655
 Diploma3 (27.3%)3 (42.9%)2 (66.7%)2 (50.0%)
 Illiterate4 (36.4%)0 (0.0%)1 (33.3%)1 (25.0%)
 Preparatory0 (0.0%)1 (14.3%)0 (0.0%)1 (25.0%)
 Primary2 (18.2%)1 (14.3%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)
Occupation of caregiver      
 Not9 (81.8%)6 (85.7%)2 (66.7%)3 (75.0%)0.5610.905
 Working2 (18.2%)1 (14.3%)1 (33.3%)1 (25.0%)
Income      
 From 1000 to 30003 (27.3%)5 (71.4%)1 (33.3%)3 (75.0%)5.5690.473
 Less than 10007 (63.6%)2 (28.6%)2 (66.7%)1 (25.0%)
 More than 10001 (9.1%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)
Hours of caring9.55 ± 4.4417.57 ± 5.4414.00 ± 2.009.50 ± 3.425.3320.007**
Years of caring3.55 ± 0.95.43 ± 1.96.67 ± 3.063.75 ± 2.23.4420.035*
GHQ of caregiver15.2 ± 3.819.86 ± 3.1323.67 ± 5.8612.00 ± 0.88.3150.001**
ZBI of caregiver25.6 ± 5.544.9 ± 12.452.3 ± 13.920 ± 2.614.730<0.001**
ADL/IADL of patient17.18 ± 3.0921.43 ± 2.5123.00 ± 3.616.50 ± 4.804.6170.012*
BPSD of patient      
 Negative0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)2 (50.0%)11.4130.01*
 Positive11 (100.0%)7 (100.0%)3 (100.0%)2 (50.0%)
MMSE of patient12.27 ± 3.6110.86 ± 2.4110.33 ± 2.0814.3 ± 4.15.1330.008**
Age of patient (years)75.27 ± 5.6982.29 ± 2.7582.33 ± 6.4361.8 ± 32.12.3880.098
Sex of patient      
 Female7 (63.6%)7 (100.0%)3 (100.0%)2 (50.0%)5.5620.135
 Male4 (36.4%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)2 (50.0%)
  1. ZBI Zarit Burden Interview, GHQ General Health Questionnaire, ADL activities of daily living, IADL instrumental activities of daily living, BPSD behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination
  2. *significant statistical difference
  3. **Highly significant statistical difference